After years of speculation, Apple finally unveiled its debut mixed reality headset, dubbed Vision Pro, at WWDC 2023. But how do you secure a device that you strap to your face? Rather than embedding Touch ID in one of the buttons, Apple came up with an all-new biometric method to protect your device.
Dubbed Optic ID, the new security tech scans your iris to securely unlock the Vision Pro headset. But how does Optic ID work, and is the new biometric method secure? Here’s everything you need to know about Apple’s latest security tech.
How does OpticID work?
Vision Pro will ship with Optic ID built-in for biometric security. It scans your iris to verify who you are, allowing you to unlock and use your headset. To scan your iris, Apple is using LED light exposure to take a 3D scan of your eye. From the demo shown at WWDC 2023, Apple uses its sensors to project LED light onto your iris. However, since Vision Pro is so new, Apple hasn’t explained the full details behind this technology.
The device will then compare this against a stored model on-board the device to verify if it’s really you. Your iris scan is stored securely in Vision Pro’s Secure Enclave, and never leaves your device. In this respect, it’s pretty similar to Face ID, which currently exists on the latest iPhone models.
How secure is Optic ID?
For Touch ID and Face ID, Apple trained its neural network with over a billion images through its deep learning algorithm. We can expect that it’s done something similar with Optic ID, to get the new security standard up to scratch. Just like the other two standards, printed photos won’t be able to fool the sensors, since they rely on 3D depth data.
As for iris scans themselves, each scan is entirely unique between individuals. According to Apple, Optic ID can even recognize the difference between identical twins – an area where Face ID could fall short. And since everything is encrypted and handled on your Vision Pro headset, nobody can get their hands on your eye scan.
Is Optic ID just for unlocking your Vision Pro headset?
Of course, Optic ID is primarily to stop other people from getting into your headset, but it doesn’t stop there. Just like Touch ID and Face ID on the iPhone, this new biometric tech can also be used to authorize Apple Pay transactions, validate App Store downloads, and autofill passwords from iCloud Keychain.
We imagine it’ll work with third-party apps when they launch, just like Apple’s existing security methods. Currently, it’s unclear if you’ll need to set up a numeric passcode, but we imagine that you will need to.